The Federal Risk and Authorization Management Program (FedRAMP) supports the U.S. government’s cloud-smart policy by establishing consistent security standards across agencies and their contractors (such as cloud service providers). Unlike FISMA, which awards an Authorization to Operate (ATO) specific to the agency or project at hand, a FedRAMP certification allows a contractor to work with any government agency. It’s a powerful tool for streamlining the A&A approval path and executing federal contracts.
The Federal Risk and Authorization Management Program, or FedRAMP, defines three distinct categorization levels to help government agencies and their supporting contractors implement the appropriate security controls required to protect U.S. government data. These levels – low, medium, and high – standardize an approach to the security of cloud products and cloud services across the federal sphere.
Government agencies and the organizations that service federal clients are bound by a set of compliance controls. Especially as it relates to the storage and transmission of sensitive data in a rapidly-expanding cloud environment, these standardized controls make it easier to evaluate the security posture of contractors and authorize their use within the federal sphere.
Agencies and programs within the U.S. government are prime targets for cyberattack. The federal government maintains data that is essential to the function of our nation, the security of our people, and the stability of our healthcare and financial markets. Any unauthorized access, use, or disclosure of this data could cause significant harm and disruption.